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Journey to Juneteenth: Stories of Racial Injustice – OZY



As we draw closer to Juneteenth on June 19, the anniversary of the day when enslaved people in Texas were emancipated — two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation was signed — OZY is presenting a series of newsletters that grapple with issues of racial injustice and equality. Today’s Daily Dose highlights some fascinating podcasts exploring this theme, as well as the latest in audio-related news from around the globe.

pod of the week

An Election Day to Never Forget

In 1920, Black Floridians began to organize as never before — voter registration drives, marches, secret voter education workshops at churches and lodges. But on Election Day that year, the residents of the little town of Ocoee, Florida, encountered a voter suppression effort like few in history when they went to the polls. In a special OZY podcast miniseries hosted by Eugene S. Robinson, we hear from the descendants of some of those who endured what remains the worst incident of election violence in U.S. history.


impactful conversations on race and social justice

BLM Co-founder Opal Tometi on the Future of Activism

Over the past year, the Black Lives Matter movement went global with protests against racial injustice taking place in more than 60 countries. On this special episode of When Katty Met Carlos, Katty Kay and Carlos Watson speak to the co-founder of the movement, Opal Tometi, about the roots of the organization, its goals and its influence. Listen to Tometi reflect on civil rights activism around the world, including the tackling of issues beyond police brutality.


100 Black Men in Baltimore Weigh in on Policing and More

What happens when you get 100 Black men from Baltimore together to discuss race relations, policing, Colin Kaepernick, Donald Trump and more? You get the groundbreaking town hall series Take On America, which takes on today’s most pressing issues by exploring the diversity of opinions among groups often pigeonholed for voting as a bloc. Unlike most town halls, the spotlight wasn’t on politicians and celebrity guests but on the people: civic leaders, businessmen, activists, students, educators and everyone in between. And they had plenty to say.


Barry Jenkins and Making Moonlight

There are probably half a dozen reasons why people like Barry Jenkins don’t come around often, and growing up in the blighted Liberty City neighborhood of Miami, where success stories are few and far between is probably the most significant one. In a recent episode of The Carlos Watson Show podcast, Carlos talks to Academy Award-winning director Barry Jenkins about his childhood, his train ride adventure across the United States, how the film Moonlight came to be and his upcoming Amazon series, The Underground Railroad.


learning from the past

The Intertwined Legacies of Two Civil Rights Icons

Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X may have only met once — at the congressional hearings over the Civil Rights Act of 1964 — but their legacies remain forever intertwined. And so do their families. Christina Greer, a political science professor at Fordham University and an OZY editor-at-large, recommends checking out Into America, a podcast from Trymaine Lee about being Black in America. In one especially powerful episode, Lee talks to the daughters of Martin Luther King Jr., and Malcolm X about the legacy of activism they have inherited from their fathers.

Reckoning With History in Tulsa

NPR’s Code Switch was selected by Apple Podcasts as its U.S. “show of the year” in 2020 and this year, it continues to deliver frank discussions on issues of racial, ethnic and cultural identity. Recently, the show explored the 100th anniversary of the race massacre in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in which as many as 300 Black residents of the prosperous Greenwood neighborhood were killed, and thousands more were left homeless, after being attacked by a mob of angry white people. Today, Greenwood has become the center for a new debate about racial reconciliation, reparations and reckoning with the lessons of history.

Two Centuries of Protest

The fight against social injustice is never easy or simple, but it can lead to momentous change. Martin Luther King Jr. compared the civil disobedience he was orchestrating to the Boston Tea Party, arguing, “We are in good company when we break unjust laws.”  In season 3 of the history podcast The Thread, OZY traces the origins of the revolutionary, and often dangerous, idea that King championed: nonviolent resistance. Join us as we explore how the idea journeyed through the minds of remarkable leaders and across the globe for nearly two centuries to become a powerful agent for social change.


oral history

Former Slaves Tell Their Stories

Between 1932 and 1975, a group of writers, journalists and archivists, including Zora Neale Hurston, conducted interviews with dozens of former slaves. In a series of interviews, these Black Americans told their stories of life in bondage and within a racial caste system. These interviews explore the horrible legacy of American slavery in the words of those who lived it.


in audio news

New Black Music History Programming From Pandora

For Black Music Appreciation Month in June, Pandora is partnering with SiriusXM, Stitcher and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture to bring listeners a new slate of audio programming about the history of Black music. This will feature several new channels, including one dedicated to 2Pac and another to Prince, and the new podcast All Music is Black Music.

‘You People’ Creators Launch Hyphen Media

Andrew Kuo and Kareem Rahma, producers of the You People podcast, recently launched Hyphen Media, an audio-first production company aimed at “telling stories by and about people of color.” The company is working with creators of color from across the media landscape to create both fiction and nonfiction podcasts that highlight the stories of racial minorities.

CBC Highlighting Indigenous Voices

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is using the medium of audio to highlight Indigenous voices and reframe Canada’s history with the new podcast Telling Our Twisted Histories. The show, hosted by Kaniehti:io Horn, will explore the language people commonly use to discuss Indigenous issues and probe the existing narratives of the history of Canada’s First Nations people.

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Have a favorite history podcast that you love? Tell us about it by emailing and we may feature it in an upcoming newsletter.

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Corruption of EU nationality law: a perfect injustice




Infringements highlighted by the EU over sale of golden passports may not be solid in law

By Alper Ali Riza


The golden passports scandal is a misnomer. A passport is evidence of nationality so the scandal is a nationality scandal. Nationality is a much deeper bond between the individual and the society he or she belongs to and selling nationality is more egregious than selling a travel document.

Nationality is normally acquired by birth, parentage or long residence because each of these suggests a sense of belonging that cements the individual to the society of the country of which he is a national.

But what if instead of birth, parentage and long residence someone purchases a nationality from a state willing to sell it? Is that in and of itself corrupt or abuse of an idea? Most people would say it is obviously a corruption of some sort, but of what?

Cometh the hour cometh the man – or book. Media Corruption in the Age of Information by Dr Edward Spence of the Department of Philosophy, University of Sydney, Australia has just been published by Springer at exactly the right time to help people understand institutional corruption.

Before I go any further, I must declare an interest because Dr Spence is a close friend originally from Larnaca. We were both at the American Academy in the 1960s and remained close friends ever since. So the praise I heap on his book must be taken with a tiny pinch of salt. Also, I speed read through most of it, focusing on the chapters relevant to corruption generally, rather than the main thrust of the book which is corruption of information by Big Tech multinationals like Google and Facebook. Dr Spence’s book is an excellent tool in the war against corruption.

His thesis is that the Big Techs are masquerading as platforms beyond the reach of the law when they are in fact media outlets that should be subject to the usual constraints and legal responsibilities of all media institutions.

He castigates their malign domination of Information as fundamentally corrupt. They wield enormous power as hubs of information yet are answerable to no one. They are in a fiduciary relationship of trust with their users but as the Cambridge Analytica case shows, they are not just neutral information platforms on which information flows but repositories of personal data which they use unlawfully for gain while claiming the moral high ground.

Dr Spence shows them up as institutionally corrupt by reference to the constituent elements of corruption: access and use of power secretly for profit in breach of fiduciary trust. He cites to felicitous effect Plato’s Myth of the Ring of Gyges from which he extrapolates the problem posed by corruption, paraphrasing Plato as follows: “Why not act corruptly, when you can do so for profit or glory and remain undetected and immune from public scrutiny and punishment? Better to pretend that you are moral and act immorally and corruptly in secret.” Plato calls this “a perfect injustice – appearing just when you are not”. To which the short answer Dr Spence provides is that according to the ancients wealth can’t buy you eudaemonia – a kind of perfect happiness humans strive for wittingly or unwittingly.

The storyline of the Myth of Gyges is instructive. A shepherd from Lydia named Gyges found a ring which he put on his finger and discovered that by turning it he could make himself invisible, whereupon he went to the palace with a delegation of shepherds to see the King. Then by making himself invisible, he seduced the Queen, killed the King, and assumed total power by becoming the new King. Thus he was able to act unethically by using a magical ring with total immunity in circumstances of perfect injustice.

It is instructive because a kind of Ring of Gyges was handed to the government of RoC when Cyprus joined the EU in 2004, namely the power to grant EU citizenship. According to EU law every national of Cyprus is automatically a citizen of the EU and as such can travel freely to every other member state in the European Economic Area without let or hindrance. But crucially only member states have competence to decide their nationality laws and naturalisation procedures – the EU has no competence.

Europe is both a playground and a haven for the rich and infamous round the world. But it is also fortress Europe for immigrants and as immigration control became tougher over the years the demand for EU passports by those able to afford purchasing a nationality became more acute.

There is now a huge market round the world for EU passports and where there is a market there are traders and trading nations and Cyprus traded in cash-for-passports with gusto.

So if you are a Russian or Arab billionaire and you want to travel freely in and out of the European Economic Area, which includes Switzerland as well as all the member states of the EU, why not purchase an EU nationality of convenience if there is a country able and willing to sell her nationality?

Selling Cypriot nationality was bound to become a problem when the government of RoC inevitably became infected with corruption and politicians and decision makers were caught on camera on the make and on the take, exemplified by the ex-president of the House of Representatives winking in flagranto delicto, glass of red wine in one hand big cigar in the other – a perfect caricature of corruption if there ever was one

The fault, however, is the EU’s because its treaties handed over competence in nationality matters exclusively to member states. There is nothing to prevent the EU from converting this into a shared competence with member states rather than by way of taking infringement proceedings against Cyprus.

I don’t myself think that the infringement proceedings brought by the EU are sound in law. If a state has exclusive competence about nationality, then it would be interesting to see how the Court of Justice of the EU extrapolates an obligation on Cyprus not to sell her nationality to third country nationals. However crude and corrupt that sounds it is nothing compared to the corruption of the law if the Court of Justice of the EU creates obligations where none exist – a perfect injustice indeed!

  • Alper Ali Riza is a queen’s counsel in the UK and a retired part-time judge

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Disunity, injustice threatening Nigeria’s democracy —Tafawa-Balewa | The Guardian Nigeria News




Billy Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, the eldest grandson of the late Prime Minister, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, has said disunity and injustice are major threats to Nigeria’s democracy.

Abubakar, in a chat with The Guardian, said: “There is no unity in the country, people don’t see themselves as Nigerians –perhaps, we see ourselves as enclaves or nationalities under one nation. 

“Secondly is injustice. Virtually all our political parties are not practicing internal democracy. What do we think brought about Boko Haram, kidnapping, bandits, and attacks on government facilities, robbery and others? It is injustice.

“If the common man cannot get justice, I don’t know where we are heading to. These are two most important things I believe, if we don’t work on them… I don’t know. The only way we can have unity in this country is for us to narrow down our common interests.

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‘Nobody likes injustice!’ Anthea Turner talks ‘hurt’ after famous feud with Eamonn Holmes | Celebrity News | Showbiz & TV




Speaking to, Fiona said of working with him: “We had great fun, we spent a lot of time laughing and always getting told off by producers because we talked too much or we ran over time, and did things we weren’t supposed to but it was great.

“He was often in my dressing room… he’d go on a gossip rant.

“We spent a lot of time in our dressing rooms and we had great fun.

“We had the same working class background and we knew our audience.” has contacted a representative for Eamonn for comment. 

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